Dr. Petya Stefanova


Assistant at the Faculty of Medicine at Sofia University and resident physician in Neurology at Sofiamed University Hospital.


Which nerve is responsible for the sneezing reflex?

What is the physiological response of the ANS during the “fight or flight” response?

Which cranial nerve is involved in parasympathetic innervation of the heart?

What is the role of the parasympathetic nervous system during rest and digestion?

Which neurotransmitter is primarily associated with the sympathetic nervous system?

What does the ANS usually operate without?

What are the two divisions of the motor portion of the ANS?

What is the main function of the autonomic nervous system (ANS)?

Where is the ANS regulated mainly in the brain?

Which vitamin deficiencies can play a role in the development of dementia?

Which are risk factors for vascular dementia?

Which biomarker is associated with Alzheimer’s disease?

What factors contribute to Alzheimer’s disease?

What is dementia?

Is Babinski sign positive in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS)?

Here are four descriptions related to neurological status, including one that represents typical findings in a patient with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS):

Which of the following clinical cases would include the ALS in the differential diagnosis?

What pathophysiological processes in the nervous system lead to the symptoms seen in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS)?

Is amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) associated with genetic factors?

Q 1.4. Topical Sensory Syndromes – Summary of the Summary

Q 2.32. Wilson’s Disease – Hepatolenticular Degeneration

Q 2.13. Neurolues

Plasma Exchange and Immunoglobulins – Indications and Use

Causes for Myasthenic Crisis

Myasthenic Crisis

Transient Ischemic Attack vs Stroke – What is the difference?

Aphasia vs Dysarthria – What is the difference?

Etiology of the Ischemic Stroke

Neurological Examination Checklist

Q 2.1. Peripheral Nervous System Disorders. Classification. Neuralgia, mononeuritis, plexitis. Treatment.

X-ray of the Lumbar Region

X-ray of the Cervical Spine

X-ray of the Skull

Ischemic Stroke

How to Put on Sterile Gloves and Stay Sterile

Q 2.18. Part 2 Cerebral Infarction – Diagnosis and Differential Diagnosis

Q 2.18. Part 1 Cerebral Infarction – Types and Warning Signs

Q 2.17. Asymptomatic Cerebrovascular Disease. Transient Ischemic Attacks.

Q 2.16. Cerebrovascular Diseases Overview

Q 2.15. Myasthenia Gravis and Other Neuromuscular Junction Disorders

Q 2.14. Part 3 Multiple Sclerosis – Optic Neuritis and MS Mimics

Q 2.14. Part 2 Multiple Sclerosis – Symptoms and Neurological Exam Findings

Q 2.14. Part 1 Multiple Sclerosis – Forms, Causes and Treatment

Q 2.13. Neurosyphilis

Q 2.12. Part 2 AIDS – Neurological Complications

Q 2.12. Part 1 Lyme Disease – Neurological Complications

Q 2.11. Part 5 Herpes Simplex Encephalitis

Q 2.11. Part 4 Tick-Borne Encephalitis

Q 2.11. Part 3 Rabies

Q 2.11. Part 2 Poliomyelitis

Q 2.11. Part 1 Encephalomyelitis

Q 2.10. Tuberculous Meningitis

Q 2.9. Meningitis

Q 2.8. Acute and Chronic Inflammatory Demyelinating Polyradiculoneuropathy (Guillain-Barré Syndrome)

Q 2.7. Metabolic Neuropathies. Diabetic Neuropathy.