The correct answer is C. Binary fission. During binary fission, the bacterial cell replicates its DNA and then divides in half to form two daughter cells. Binary fission is the primary means of reproduction for most bacteria, and it allows them to rapidly reproduce and colonize new environments. A. Mitosis is incorrect because it is a process that occurs during the cell cycle in eukaryotes, not in bacteria. B. Meiosis is incorrect because it is a process that occurs during sexual reproduction in eukaryotes, not in bacteria.
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